(From Bellairs Webpage for Sustainability Meeting):
"Various disciplines use models for different purposes. While engineering models, including software engineering models, are often developed to guide the construction of a non-existent system, scientific models, in contrast, are created to better understand a natural phenomenon (i.e., an already existing system). An engineering model may incorporate scientific models to build a system.
Both engineering and scientific models have been used to support sustainability, but largely in a loosely-coupled fashion, independently developed and maintained from each other. On one side of the spectrum, modelling has been used to develop sustainable systems, i.e., (computerized) systems with a low environmental impact (green computing, sustainable software engineering). On the other side of the spectrum, models are being extensively used in systems that support sustainable development, i.e., development without a negative global impact. Example of such sustainability systems include smart grids, smart cities and homes, and other computer-based systems used for resource production, coordination, and management.
Due to the inherent complex nature of sustainability that must balance trade-offs between social, environmental, and economic concerns, modelling challenges and model integration challenges abound for both the scientific and engineering disciplines. We are thinking of using a case study to focus the workshop on something more concrete and to allow us to create actual models. Options being considered are (a) a smart city project related to transportation, (b) an electric vehicles project, and (c) a project related to sustainable agriculture."